What is intellectual disability?
Intellectual Disability is defined as a disability in which there are limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. Intellectual functioning refers to one’s mental capacity – everyday learning, reasoning, problem solving – and is typically measured through an IQ test. Adaptive behavior refers to one’s conceptual, social, and practical skills that are learned in everyday life. Intellectual Disability begins before the age of 18.
What are the signs of intellectual disability?
Children exhibit many signs of intellectual disability including the ability to sit up, crawl or walking later than other children. Many children with intellectual disability learn to speak later, or have trouble speaking altogether. They find it hard to remember things, have trouble understanding social rules, problem solving, thinking logically, and more.
What treatment options are available for intellectual disability?
While there is no cure for persons with intellectual disabilities, services and support play an important role in helping that person thrive throughout their lifetime. Services and programs include everything from case management for daily living needs to vocational programs and day programs. Support can come from family, friends, and the community or from a service system.
For more information on treatment options, visit The Arc.
Managing intellectual disabilities
According to the World Health Organization, parent’s skill training should be considered in the management of children with intellectual disabilities. Additionally, families can work with a case manager to help with day to day living support and programs that help individuals remain successful in the community.
What services and resources are available for intellectual disability?
UCP of Sacramento and Northern California (UCP) provides numerous programs and services for individuals with intellectual disabilities including UCP’s adult day program, CLASP program, and transportation services. Find out more about UCP programs and services and available resources.
How can I learn more about intellectual disabilities?
To learn more about intellectual disabilities, visit:
- The Arc
- The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
- United States National Library of Medicine
- Parent Center Hub